On 30th July , in Prague, a number of prominent Catholics were defenestrated and fell to their deaths ; this was the beginning of the Hussite rebellion (the. Hussite Wars, series of conflicts in the 15th cent., caused by the rise of the Hussites  in Bohemia and Moravia. Jan Žižka, hero of the Hussite Wars, stormed the building with several supporters and threw the burgomaster and many of the town councilors from the windows.
|Published (Last):||4 March 2005|
|PDF File Size:||10.29 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||8.86 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
The Hussites moved in columns of horse-drawn carts, most of which were armor-plated, the sides pierced with loopholes. From toBohemia had no effective king, although Witowt of Lithuania was elected antiking and sent his nephew, Sigismund Korybut, to Bohemia as his vicar.
He did not agree with the extreme religious views of the Taborites, and in formed his own Hussite wing, which, however, remained in close alliance with the Taborites. Hussites emerged as a majority Utraquist movement with a significant Taborite faction, and smaller regional ones that included AdamitesOrebites and Orphans.
The Hussites subsequently invaded parts of Germany several times, though they made no attempt to occupy wara any part of the country. One Hussite raid made it to the Baltic sea at the German city of Danzig in Then the infantry hidden behind the carts used firearms and crossbows to ward off the attack, weakening the enemy.
In a Hussite army invaded Silesia and Saxony, and in the united Hussite forces penetrated as far as Franconia. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Whereas previously the cart had been used only when the cavalry failed, then during the Hussite Wars the cart became a fundament of the army formation on the basis, which a given battle has been waged.
He was declared a heretic at the Council of Constance and burned at the stake in for preaching against the beliefs of the Catholic Church and the sale of indulgences. Inthe moderate Hussites, who had accepted compromise and who had allied with the Catholics, overcame the more extreme elements of the movement at the battle of Lipany. After the Council of Constance lured Jan Hus in with a letter of indemnity, then tried him for heresy and put him to death at the stake on 6 July the Hussites fought the Hussite Wars — for their religious and political cause.
After Huss’s execution the Hussites took up arms against the Holy Roman Empire and demanded a set of reforms that anticipated the Reformation.
On a few occasions, he even fought against both the Taborites and the Orebites to try to force them into reuniting. He did so for political reasons; his ambition to be crowned as Emperor meant that his own kingdom had to be Catholic. On May 30 of that year the Taborite army, led by Prokop the Great and Prokop the Lesser, who both fell in the battle, was totally defeated and almost annihilated at Lipany.
Hussite Wars | Bohemian history |
On a few occasions, he even fought against both the Taborites and the Oreborites to try to force them into reuniting. The carts were joined by means of the chain wheel to wheel. Shortly afterwards a new crusade against the Hussites was undertaken. The enemy armies suffered heavy losses and the Hussites soon had the reputation of not taking captives.
The fighting ended afterwhen the moderate Utraquist faction of the Hussites defeated the radical Taborite faction. Due to the military victories of the Hussites,who controlled all Bohemia, the Church negociated a compromise with hussits moderate elements of the movement: They were divided, at first, into two factions, then split again.
Musée Virtuel du Protestantisme
Some radical Hussites advocated the sharing of possessions, absolute equality and universal priesthood. The almost uninterrupted series of victories of warz Hussites now rendered vain all hope of subduing them by force of arms. Meetings were held throughout the country; the people readied for war.
In order to avoid more losses, the enemy knights finally attacked.
Hussite Wars – Wikipedia
He was later tried and burnt at the stake. Treitschke’s Origins of Prussianism Routledge Revivals: The Taborites refused to conform. The sacrament of the most Holy Eucharist shall be freely administered in the two kinds, that is bread and wine, to all the faithful in Christ who are not precluded by mortal sin – according to the word and disposition of Our Saviour.
Tabor soon became the center of the Taborites, who differed from the Utraquists by recognizing only two sacraments— Baptism and Communion —and by rejecting most of the ceremony of the Roman Catholic Church. Many Hussites, particularly the Utraquist clergy, were also in favor of peace.
The Hussites were angered, and when they heard claims that someone threw a stone from the town hall’s windows hussiye the Sacred Host. An armistice was concluded at Konopilt. Part of the European wars of religion and the Crusades.
The Poles, however, did not really want to withdraw; the only reason they did is because the Pope planned to call a crusade against Poland if they did not. They landed on spears held aloft by the marchers; this event would later be known as the First Defenestration of Prague.